Rwanda Rwanda

Rwanda is a landlocked country in the Great Lakes region of Central/Eastern Africa, dominated by highlands (the lowest point is at 950 m above the sea level), and one of highest populated countries in Sub Saharan Africa1). Rwanda has a temperate tropical highland climate. The total population in Rwanda was estimated at 12.2 million people in 2017. Agriculture is the main economic activity in Rwanda with 66% of the population engaged in the sector (2017)2). Tea and coffee are the major exports while plantains, cassava, potatoes, sweet potatoes, maize and beans are the most productive crops. Agricultural production statistics on selected crops are shown in below Table (2016)4). Due to its hilly terrain and topography, it is estimated that 90% of domestic cropland is on slopes under rainfed conditions. However, rice is grown mostly in inland valley swamps referred to as marshlands with irrigation. The agricultural sector is challenged by land constraints due to population pressure, poor water management, small average land holdings, lack of public and private capacity, and limited commercialization constrained by poor access to output and financial markets5).

 

 

Area harvested (ha)

Yield (t/ha)

Production (t)

Beans, dry

513,137

0.9

437,673

Bananas

322,009

9.4

3,037,962

Maize

237,658

1.6

374,267

Cassava

205,661

17.2

3,537,566

Sorghum

165,812

1.0

163,832

Sweet potatoes

135,575

6.8

919,123

Potatoes

106,236

7.1

751,284

Wheat

36,358

2.3

83,764

Rice, paddy

33,430

3.3

110,544

 

Reference

  1. https://riceforafrica.net/images/stories/PDF/rwanda_revised_aug2013.pdf
  2. https://tradingeconomics.com/rwanda/arable-land-hectares-wb-data.html
  3. http://www.fao.org/rwanda/fao-in-rwanda/rwanda-at-a-glance/en/
  4. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/
  5. http://www.worldbank.org/en/results/2013/01/23/agricultural-development-in-rwanda

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